Intimate Partners Violence – A Global Health Matter

Allied Health | October 19, 2017

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October marks Domestic Violence Awareness Month, bringing awareness to a global health matter that social workers encounter daily. Check out the latest evidence on this topic from EBSCO Health.

Intimate partner violence is an issue that social workers around the world encounter daily. Historically called domestic violence, intimate partner violence is a pattern of coercive behaviors, including physical, sexual and/or psychological aggression. The goal of the aggressor is generally to establish or maintain control over a current or former intimate partner or spouse.

Intimate partner violence is rarely a one-time transgression and sadly, it typically occurs repeatedly and escalates in severity. Abusers tend to limit a victim’s access to the outside world and foster isolation in order to increase the victim’s dependence on the abuser. While some victims are able to break the cycle and remove themselves from the relationship, many victims remain with the abusive partner for a number of reasons, including: emotional investment in the relationship, sense of obligation to partner or children, economic dependence, fear of the repercussions of leaving, and feeling trapped. Although intimate partner violence is most frequently committed by a male against his female partner, violent acts toward a male by a female and abuse in same-sex relationships is not uncommon. 

Facts and Figures on the Global Impact of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV):

  • Worldwide, of women who have had a romantic partner, nearly 30% have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner.
  • Up to 38% of female murder victims are killed by their male partners.
  • In the United States, over one in three women and one in four men have experienced IPV involving physical assault, rape and/or stalking.
  • In a U.S. study, almost 44% of women who had police contact for IPV also reported sexual violence.
  • 250,000 hospital visits occur annually in the United States as a result of IPV.
  • In a study of almost 3,500 men and women in six European countries (Germany, Greece, Hungary, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom), researchers found that 5.6% of women and 5.4% of men reported experiencing physical victimization.
  • Data from surveys of 39,000 ever-married women in 10 sub-Saharan African countries revealed that 40% had experienced some form of IPV in their lifetime.
  • Researchers in a study in Bangladesh found that IPV was associated with a higher rate of termination of pregnancy.

October is Domestic Violence Awareness Month and in honor of the observance, EBSCO Health would like to share a free evidence-based quick lesson from Social Work Reference Center™ on Intimate Partner Violence. Knowledge is key to providing excellent care, so click the “Download Now” button below to explore the latest evidence on Intimate Partner Violence today.

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